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What is ETOPS and its rules?

ETOPS used to stand for Extended Twin-Engine Operations, and now is Extended Operations. Originally, it was a certification that permitted twin engine aircraft to fly routes which may, at the time, be greater than 60 minutes flying time from the nearest airport that is suitable for an emergency landing.


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What is the ETOPS 180 rule?

For example, if an aircraft is rated for ETOPS-180, it means that it is able to fly with full load and just one engine for three hours. Second, an operator who conducts ETOPS flights must satisfy their own country’s aviation regulators about their ability to conduct ETOPS flights.


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What is the 60 minute rule for ETOPS?

Years ago, piston engines were undependable. Because of this, twin-engine aircraft were required to fly in range of a suitable airport for landing. In 1953, the FAA imposed what is known as the “60-minute rule” on two- and three-engine airplanes, disallowing them to fly more than 60 minutes outside the closest airport.


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What time is the ETOPS rule?

For twinjets, ETOPS applies when the airplane is more than 60 minutes from an airport. For three- and four-engine passenger airplanes, it applies when the airplane is more than 180 minutes from an airport.


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What is ETOPS 120 rules?

This was the first ETOPS certification rating given: ETOPS 120 minutes. This means that twin-engine aircraft were allowed to fly no more than 120 minutes flying time away from the nearest airport suitable for an emergency landing.


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What does it mean by ETOPS | EDTO | Extended Range Twin Engine Ops OR Extended Diversion time Ops

What is the maximum ETOPS rating?

Reaching 370 minutes

The A350XWB was the first aircraft to receive the current maximum, ETOPS 370 rating.


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What is the 1 to 60 rule in aviation?

Two degrees doesn’t sound like a lot, but in aviation terms, even one degree is huge. That’s why pilots are taught the 1 in 60 rule, which states that after 60 miles, a one-degree error in heading will result in straying off course by one mile.


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What are the benefits of ETOPS?

Considering The benefits of ETOPS

a) ETOPS has made aviation safer by allowing a proliferation of direct air services using intermediate-capacity twinjets. b) Direct travel reduces passenger exposure to the non-cruise phases of flight in which 90% of fatal accidents occur.


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What does ETOPS mean in EASA?

An extended Range Twin Operations approval (ETOPS) permits twin-engined aeroplanes to operate over a route that contains a point further than one hour flying time at the approved one-engine inoperative cruise speed. This is applicable to flights under standard conditions in still air from an adequate aerodrome.


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Is ETOPS still used?

EASA currently continues to use ETOPS as originally defined and the abbreviation ‘LROPS’ (Long Range OPerationS) for extended range operation by three and four-engined aircraft.


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What is the maximum diversion time for ETOPS?

The FAA grants approval to conduct ETOPS with diversion times up to 180 minutes as follows: (1) For these operations the airplane-engine combination must be type-design-approved for ETOPS of at least 180 minutes.


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What is ETOPS exit point?

ETOPS Exit Point (EXP): This point is the point on route when the ETOPS segment ends. ETOPS Equal Time Point (ETP): Equal time point between two suitable diversion alternates.


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What are the advantages of ETOPS 180 rule?

Extra minutes for extra engines: The same regulation that limits two-engine airplanes to the 60-minute rule allows passenger jets with more than two engines (like a 747 or A340) to venture as far as 180 minutes from an airport. 180 minutes gives these aircraft access to 95% of the earth’s surface.


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What is the 90 10 rule in aviation?

Assess what is required to fly the missions you execute most often, and these are your must-haves regardless of the purchase. By nature these needs should influence roughly 90 percent of your decision. The other 10 percent is generally based on emotion.


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Does 747 have ETOPS?

The 747-8 has ETOPS 330. The 787 has ETOPS 330. The A350 has ETOPS 370.


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Is 747 an ETOPS?

Boeing’s Converted Freighters: 20 More Years of Life

2015 to fly beyond 180 minutes from an en-route alternate airport, the 747-8’s design is approved to conduct 330-minute ETOPS missions. These missions allow operators to fly long-distances more directly on virtually any worldwide city pair routing.


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Do cargo planes need ETOPS?

As far as differences are concerned, ETOPS is waived only in one case: The FAA … however agree that for airplanes with more than two engines, passenger carrying operations may be excluded from the ETOPS maintenance program requirements and that all-cargo operations may be excluded from all ETOPS requirements.


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What is the difference between Edto and ETOPS?

EDTO means “Extended Diversion Time Operations“. And LROPS means “Long Range Operations“. Let’s continue to examine in more detail. ETOPS: ETOPS is the emergency order of twin engine aircraft that regulates how long they can stay in the air with a single engine.


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Does 737 have ETOPS?

Classic Boeing 737 freighters may be given an added boost in flight range, thanks to recent extended-range operations with two-engine (ETOPS) approval for STC holder Aeronautical Engineers (AEI).


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What equipment is required for ETOPS?

Two independent transmitters and two independent receivers, appropriate to the planned route, are required for ETOPS flights. At least one of each must be capable of voice communication. If operating in areas where voice communication is not possible or of poor quality, alternate systems such as data link may be used.


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What is the ETOPS of 787?

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration today approved additional extended operations (ETOPS) for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The move will allow 787s to be operated up to 330 minutes from a landing field and signals continued confidence in the airplane’s technical capabilities.


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What is the 80% rule for aviation?

The 80:20 rule means airlines need to use their take-off slots at least 80% of the time in order to retain them. A “justified non-use provision” will be retained to prevent airlines flying ghost flights.


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What is the 3 6 rule in aviation?

For larger aircraft, typically people use some form of the 3/6 Rule: 3 times the altitude (in thousands of feet) you have to lose is the distance back to start the descent; 6 times your groundspeed is your descent rate.


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What is the 12 5 rule in aviation?

The Twelve-Five Standard Security Program (TFSSP) outlines requirements for FAA Part 135 certificated carriers offering commercial air transport using aircraft with a maximum certificated takeoff weight between 12,500 pounds (5,670 kg) and 100,309.3 pounds (45,500 kg).


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How many generators required for ETOPS?

—At a minimum, an airplane will be required to have three independent electrical generators for ETOPS. —For ETOPS greater than 180 minutes, an airplane must have at least one boost pump powered by a standby electrical power source.


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